Learning How to Tell Stories

As a species, we thrive on stories. Before we could write, we used stories in an oral tradition to communicate with each other. Over time, these stories went from tales told around a fire to complex, moving pieces about religion, morality, war, and much more. The Epic of Gilgamesh, the Odyssey, and the Ramayana are…

Unsocial Sociability: Why People Cooperate and Defect

Human beings are tough to predict because our social dynamics are vastly different from other animals. Some animals, like wolves, must function in packs; a so-called “lone wolf” would in most circumstances perish. Others, like tigers, are solitary, so that they do not need to compete with other members of their species for resources; a…

Xenophobia Will Actually Impede Human Evolution

I relish the ability to relate biology to other fields in these posts, but it’s not often that I find meaningful and relevant reasons to do so. Today is different. Having done some interesting reading this past weekend, I’ve come to realize that, politics aside, xenophobia is fundamentally bad because it actually creates evolutionary disadvantages,…

Welcome to the Anthropocene

The Holocene was the most recent epoch in the history of the world. It began 11,700 years ago when glaciers from the last Ice Age began to retreat. This paved the way for organized farming, which in turn led to the dawn of civilization. From there, humanity prospered. We developed medicine and transportation, we mused…